Teacher Education

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



Oxford University Press/Annenberg School of Communications, University of Pennsylvania


This entry includes three articles, each dealing with a different aspect of the subject:

  1. History and Theories
  2. Alternative Systems
  3. Projects

The first and third cover predominantly the Western (especially the U.S.) approach; the second raises some criticisms directed at both the theoretical and the practical limitations of the Western perspective and presents alternative views.

Chapter of

International Encyclopedia of Communications


Erik Barnouw


This material was originally published in International Encyclopedia of Communications edited by E. Barnouw, and has been reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press. For permission to reuse this material, please visit http://www.oup.co.uk/academic/rights/permissions.

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