The Young Marx and Kantian Ethics
D. Reidel Publishing Company
Certainly, the young Marx was deeply influenced by Hegel, but I would like to suggest that we can learn a good deal about Marx's early ethical views by seeing the influence that Aristotle and Kant had on him. Marx operates with a concept of essence in many ways like that of Aristotle and a concept of universalization much like that involved in Kant's categorical imperative. At the same time, Marx's task is to reconcile these Aristotelian and Kantian elements.
Kain, P. J. "The Young Marx and Kantian Ethics," Studies in Soviet Thought, 31 (1986): 277-301.