Philip J. Kain
This book traces the development of Marx's ethics as they underwent various shifts and changes during different periods of his thought. In his early writings, his ethics were based on a concept of essence much like Aristotle's, which Marx tried to link to a principle of universalization similar to Kant's "categorical imperative." In the period 1845-46, Marx abandoned this view, holding morality to be incompatible with his historical materialism. In the later work he was less of a determinist. Though he no longer wished to reject morality, he did want to transcend a morality of burdensome obligation and constraint in order to realize a community built upon spontaneous bonds of solidarity.
Paul A. Soukup, Bruce E. Gronbeck, and Thomas J. Farrell
This book explores relationships among consciousness, orality (and literacy) and culture - an area of study in which the work of Walter Ong is integral. Essays are constructed around notions articulated and argued for by Ong but then extended into new territories by other specialists in the fields he touches. While all of the essays involve the study of media, consciousness and culture, to some degree, voice, a primary medium of communication, receives special attention, as do the effects of writing, print and television in particular circumstances; for example a media ecology of Iran today describes the interplay of primary orality of ′illiterate′ people, secondary (electronic) orality, and print.
Paul A. Soukup, Walter J. Ong, and Thomas J. Farrell
Collects 13 writings of the distinguished Jesuit scholar on topics ranging from Ong's 1947 study of 'Wit and mystery: a reevaluation in medieval Latin hymnody,' to 1996 reflections on faith and cosmos and information-communication interactions.
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