Frequency-Independent RC Circuit Model for One- Dimensional Carbon Nanostructures
We demonstrate that a frequency-independent parallel RC circuit is the simplest model that accurately describes high-frequency electrical conduction in 1-D nanostructures. The resistance is determined from dc measurement, and the capacitance is extracted directly from the measured S -parameters for a ground-signal-ground test structure, without using any fitting parameter. The methodology is applied to carbon nanofibers, and the RC model yields results that are within ±0.5 dB and ±5° of the measured S -parameters up to 50 GHz. The model is further justified by examining the relationship between S - and Y -parameters of the test network.
F. Madriz, T. Yamada, X. Sun, J.G. Nickel, and C.Y. Yang, “Frequency-Independent RC Circuit Model for One- Dimensional Carbon Nanostructures,” IEEE Electron Device Letters 31, 263-265 (2010).