Three Strikes and You're Out ("Three Strikes") laws mandate long sentences for certain habitual offenders, usually 25 years to life in prison for third-time violent offenders. Since 1993, Three Strikes has been implemented for federal offenses and in at least 25 states.
African Americans and the Criminal Justice System: An Encyclopedia
Delores D. Jones-Brown
Beverly D. Frazier
Chen, Elsa Y. “Three Strikes Legislation.” African Americans and the Criminal Justice System: An Encyclopedia. Editors Delores D. Jones-Brown, Beverly D. Frazier, and Marvie Brooks. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (2014).