This article makes the argument that becoming an effective leader is an inside-out process. Leaders, through self examination, realize their passions, values, and the legacy that gives meaning to their life. Leading a life that is congruent with one's personal believes and values gives leaders the authenticity and credibility that their constituents desire. Once leaders have identified their values, they have a greater sense of stability, confidence and peace. Without firm core beliefs, a leader is perceived as inconsistent and untrustworthy and unlikely to be willingly followed. Answering the internal question "Who am I?" is crucial for leaders.
Kouzes, James M. and Posner, Barry Z. (2008) "We Lead from the Inside Out," The Journal of Values-Based Leadership: Vol. 1: Iss. 1, Article 5. Available at: http://scholar.valpo.edu/jvbl/vol1/iss1/5