The Availability and Helpfulness of Socialization Practices
This study reports on the socialization practices most available to new employees and the extent to which these practices are seen by newcomers as being helpful in becoming effective organizational members. The results showed that socialization practices are differentially available to newcomers, and perceptions of their helpfulness vary. The helpfulness of various socialization practices as reported by newcomers appears to affect their feelings of subsequent job satisfaction and commitment.
Louis, M. R., Posner, B. Z., & Powell, G. N. (1983). The Availability and Helpfulness of Socialization Practices. Personnel Psychology, 36(4), 857–866. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.1983.tb00515.x