The Bakhvalov mesh: a complete finite-difference analysis of two-dimensional singularly perturbed convection-diffusion problems
A linear two-dimensional singularly perturbed convection-diffusion boundary-value problem is considered. The problem is discretized by the upwind finite-difference method. The analysis of this method on Shishkin-type meshes has been well-established, but the discretization mesh in this paper is the original Bakhvalov mesh, introduced in 1969 as the first layer-adapted mesh. We analyze the error of the numerical solution in the maximum norm and prove first-order pointwise accuracy, uniform in the perturbation parameter. This is the first complete analysis of this kind for two-dimensional convection-diffusion problems discretized on the Bakhvalov mesh. Our numerical experiments validate the theoretical analysis.
Nhan, T. A., & Vulanović, R. (2021). The Bakhvalov mesh: A complete finite-difference analysis of two-dimensional singularly perturbed convection-diffusion problems. Numerical Algorithms, 87(1), 203–221. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11075-020-00964-z