By definition, an archivist is an individual responsible for appraising, acquiring, arranging, describing, preserving, and providing access to records of enduring value1. A record is a written or printed work of a legal or official nature that may be used as evidence or proof. It is data or information that has been fixed on some medium; that has content, context, and structure; and that is used as an extension of human memory or to demonstrate accountability. Records are often created or received in the course of individual or institutional activity and set aside (preserved) as evidence of that activity for future reference2.
Nasr, Nadia, "What does an archivist do?" (2009). Staff publications, research, and presentations. 124.