GIS as a strategic tool for cities: New developments in Helsinki and Portland
University of Helsinki
As cities grow increasingly complex, information plays an ever more strategic role in managing the everyday. Information is gathered, stored and distributed mostly using digital technologies. As a result the design and the development of digital information architecture has become one of the key tasks for city administrations. Geographical information systems (GIS) match information with an address. GISbased services can become a boundary infrastructure connecting city administrations, citizens and other actors into one large urban information community.
Kangasoja, J., Gabbe, C. J., Jaakola, A., Soukki, A., & Kurki, H. (2006). GIS as a strategic tool for cities: New developments in Helsinki and Portland. Helsinki Quarterly, 4.