Date of Award


Document Type



Santa Clara : Santa Clara University, 2017.

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Weijia Shang


Supernode transformation, or tiling, is a technique that partitions algorithms to improve data locality and parallelism by balancing computation and inter-processor communication costs to achieve shortest execution or running time. It groups multiple iterations of nested loops into supernodes to be assigned to processors for processing in parallel. A supernode transformation can be described by supernode size and shape. This research focuses on supernode transformation on multi-processor architectures with distributed memory, including computer cluster systems and General Purpose Graphic Processing Units (GPGPUs). The research involves supernode scheduling, supernode mapping to processors, and the finding of the optimal supernode size, for achieving the shortest total running time. The algorithms considered are two nested loops with regular data dependencies. The Longest Common Subsequence problem is used as an illustration. A novel mathematical model for the total running time is established as a function of the supernode size, algorithm parameters such as the problem size and the data dependence, the computation time of each loop iteration, architecture parameters such as the number of processors, and the communication cost. The optimal supernode size is derived from this closed form model. The model and the optimal supernode size provide better results than previous researches and are verified by simulations on multi-processor systems including computer cluster systems and GPGPUs.