Electron-beam and ion-beam-induced deposited tungsten contacts for carbon nanofiber interconnects

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IOP Publishing


Ion-beam-induced deposition (IBID) and electron-beam-induced deposition (EBID) with tungsten (W) are evaluated for engineering electrical contacts with carbon nanofibers (CNFs). While a different tungsten-containing precursor gas is utilized for each technique, the resulting tungsten deposits result in significant contact resistance reduction. The performance of CNF devices with W contacts is examined and conduction across these contacts is analyzed. IBID-W, while yielding lower contact resistance than EBID-W, can be problematic in the presence of on-chip semiconducting devices, whereas EBID-W provides substantial contact resistance reduction that can be further improved by current stressing. Significant differences between IBID-W and EBID-W are observed at the electrode contact interfaces using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. These differences are consistent with the observed electrical behaviors of their respective test devices.