The Importance of Standardization of Carboxymethylchitin Concentration by the Dye-Binding Capacity of Alcian Blue Before Adsorption on Liposomes

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Taylor & Francis


A new method based on the measurement of the relative dye-binding capacity of Alcian Blue to carboxymethylchitin (CMC) at various molecular weights (MW) has been developed to facilitate the standardization of the initial polyelectrolyte concentration. In the absence of standardization, non-reproducible adsorption patterns are encountered during the adsorption of the MW CMC on neutral and positively charged liposomes. This method is sensitive down to a concentration of 5 μg/ml of polymer in water. Static Light Scattering (SLS) measurements are used to obtain the weight average molecular weight (Mw) and the size of the polyelectrolyte (Rg) and overlap concentrations (c*). The Mws are then used to determine the constants K and a of the Mark-Houwink equation which are 1.65 × 10−2dl/g and 0.4701, respectively, evaluated at K=0.154 M, pH= 7.4 and T= 25°C. The critical electrolyte concentration decreases with molecular weight for Mws ranging from 5.0×104-1.2×106. The dye-binding capacity changes with the molecular weight distribution of the polyelectrolyte demonstrating the sensitivity of this technique to polydispersity.