The influence of brief episodes of aerobic exercise activity, soothing music-nature scenes condition, and suggestion on coping with test taking anxiety
International Stress Management Association
This study examines the influence of aerobic exercise activity, soothing musicnature scenes condition, and suggestion on coping with test-taking anxiety. Sixty test anxious subjects were randomly assigned to four treatment groups consisting of 15-min episodes of exercise or soothing music-nature scenes condition with or without verbal suggestion that the treatment task in which they were engaged would be helpful to them. A videotaped “intelligence test” used to stimulate test-taking anxiety was given to the subjects after the soothing music-nature scenes condition or exercise tasks. The Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist (MAACL) was used to appraise anxiety during the laboratory procedures. Results indicate that exercise, soothing music-nature scenes condition, and suggestion play a role in reducing anxiety. While relaxation activity proved to be superior to exercise in reducing anxiety immediately following the “treatment” episode, these differences disappear following exposure to a stressful “IQ test” and exercise (as well as suggestion) had a better stress inoculation effect than soothing music-nature scenes condition or no suggestion.
Plante, T. G., Marcotte, D., Manuel, G., & Willemsen, E. (1996). The influence of brief episodes of aerobic exercise activity, soothing music-nature scenes condition, and suggestion on coping with test taking anxiety. International Journal of Stress Management, 3, 155-166.