The Department of Environmental Studies and Sciences (ESS) is an interdisciplinary community of scholars -- composed of faculty, staff, and students -- dedicated to understanding the interactions between humans and the natural world. We serve local and global communities by addressing environmental issues through education, research, and leadership. Our bachelor-level degrees in Environmental Science and Environmental Studies challenge undergraduates to integrate knowledge and research in the natural and social sciences with ethics, service, and leadership to promote a sustainable world. The ESS Department offers a seminar series and opportunities for research, service, and study abroad.

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Submissions from 2014

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Explaining the ‘hungry farmer paradox’: Smallholders and fair trade cooperatives navigate seasonality and change in Nicaragua's corn and coffee markets., Christopher M. Bacon, W. A. Sundstrom, M. E. Flores Gómez, V. E. Méndez, R. Santos, B. Goldoftas, and I. Dougherty

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Aridification of Central Asia and uplift of the Altai and Hangay mountains, Mongolia: stable isotope evidence, Jeremy K. Caves, Derek J. Sjostrom, Hari T. Mix, Matthew J. Winnick, and C. Page Chamberlain

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The impact of neogene grassland expansion and aridification on the isotopic composition of continental precipitation, Charles P. Chamberlain, Matthew J. Winnick, Hari T. Mix, Samuel D. Chamberlain, and Katharine Maher

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Shade coffee: update on a disappearing refuge for biodiversity., S. Jha, Christopher M. Bacon, S. M. Philpott, V. E. Méndez, R. A. Rice, and P. Läderach

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Stable isotope records of hydrologic change and paleotemperature from smectite in Cenozoic western North America, Hari T. Mix and Charles P. Chamberlain

Submissions from 2013

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Quality revolutions, solidarity networks, and sustainability innovations: following Fair Trade coffee from Nicaragua to California, Christopher M. Bacon

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Introduction to empowered partnerships: community-based participatory action research for environmental justice, Christopher M. Bacon, Saneta deVuono-Powell, Mary Louise Frampton, Tony LoPresti, and Camille Pannu

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Food sovereignty: an alternative paradigm for poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation in Latin America, M Jahi Chappell; Hannah Wittman; Christopher M. Bacon; Bruce G. Ferguson; Luis García Barrios; Raúl García Barrios; Daniel Jaffee; Jefferson Lima; V. Ernesto Méndez,; Helda Morales; Lorena Soto-Pinto; John Vandermeer; and Ivette Perfecto

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Early Cenozoic evolution of topography, climate, and stable isotopes in precipitation in the North American Cordillera, Ran Feng, Christopher J. Poulsen, Martin Werner, C. Page Chamberlain, Hari T. Mix, and Andreas Mulch

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Agroecology as a transdisciplinary, participatory and action- oriented approach. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, V. E. Méndez, Christopher M. Bacon, and R. Cohen

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Grassland expansion as an instrument of hydrologic change in Neogene western North America, Hari T. Mix, Matthew J. Winnick, Andreas Mulch, and Charles P. Chamberlain

Submissions from 2012

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The social dimensions of sustainability and change in diversified farming systems, Christopher M. Bacon, Christy Getz, Sibella Kraus, Maywa Montenegro, and Kaelin Holland

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Food security and smallholder coffee production: current issues and future directions, Martha Caswell; V. Ernesto Méndez,; and Christopher M. Bacon

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The Cenozoic Climatic and Topographic Evolution of the Western North American Cordillera, C. Page Chamberlain, Hari T. Mix, Andreas Mulch, Michael T. Hren, Malinda L. Kent-Corson, Steven J. Davis, Travis Horton, and Stephan A. Graham

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Gender, health, and Fairtrade: insights from a research-action programme in Nicaragua, L. Hanson, V. Terstappen, Christopher M. Bacon, J. Leung, A. Ganem-Cuenca, S R.D. Flores, and M. A.M. Rojas

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A Social-Ecological Analysis of Diversified FarmingSystems: Benefits, Costs, Obstacles, and Enabling Policy Frameworks, Claire Kremen, Alastair Iles, and Christopher M. Bacon

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Diversified farming systems: an agroecological, systems-based alternative to modern industrial agriculture, Claire Kremen, Alastair Iles, and Christopher M. Bacon

Submissions from 2011

Disaster Risk and Sustainable Development, Christopher M. Bacon

Fair Trade, Christopher M. Bacon

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“The creation of an integrated sustainability curriculum and student praxis projects.”, Christopher M. Bacon, D. Mulvaney, T. B. Ball, E. M. DuPuis, S. R. Gliessman, R. D. Lipschutz, and A. Shakouri

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A Review of Ecosystem Services, Farmer Livelihoods, and Value Chains in Shade Coffee Agroecosystems, Shalene Jha, Christopher M. Bacon, Stacy M. Philpott, Robert A. Rice, V. Ernesto Méndez, and Peter Läderach

Livelihood and environmental trade-offs of climate mitigation in smallholder coffee agroforestry systems, V. Ernesto Méndez, S. Castro-Tanzi, K. Goodall, K. S. Morris, Christopher M. Bacon, Peter Läderach, W. B. Morris, and M. U. Georgeoglou-Laxalde

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Cenozoic migration of topography in the North American Cordillera, Hari T. Mix, Andreas Mulch, Malinda L. Kent-Corson, and Charles P. Chamberlain

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Not Fair Enough: Historic and Institutional Barriers to Fair Trade Coffee in El Salvador, B. Tellman, L. C. Gray, and Christopher M. Bacon

Submissions from 2010

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A Spot of Coffee in Crisis: Nicaraguan Smallholder Cooperatives, Fair Trade Networks and Gendered Empowerment Processes, Christopher M. Bacon

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Who decides what is fair in Fair Trade: Agri-Environmental Governance of Standards, Access and Price, Christopher M. Bacon

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Effects of Fair Trade and organic certifications on small-scale coffee farmer households in Central America and Mexico, V. E. Méndez, Christopher M. Bacon, M. Olson, K. S. Petchers, and D. Herrador

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Agrobiodiversity conservation and shade coffee smallholder livelihoods in Central America, V. E. Méndez, Christopher M. Bacon, M. Olson, K. S. Stillings, and A. K. Shattuck

Submissions from 2009

Organic Coffee, Christopher M. Bacon

Review of Daviron, B, and Ponte, S. The Coffee Paradox: Global Markets, Commodity Trade and the Elusive Promise of Development, Christopher M. Bacon

Review of Holt-Giménez, E. Campesino a Campesino: Voices from Latin America's Farmer-to-Farmer Movement for Sustainable Agriculture, Christopher M. Bacon

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Synorogenic evolution of large-scale drainage patterns: Isotope paleohydrology of sequential Laramide basins, Steven J. Davis, Hari T. Mix, Bettina A. Wiegand, Alan R. Carroll, and C. Page Chamberlain

Submissions from 2008

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Are Sustainable Coffee Certifications Enough to Secure Farmer Livelihoods? The Millenium Development Goals and Nicaragua's Fair Trade Cooperatives, Christopher M. Bacon

Definition of Fair Trade, Christopher M. Bacon

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Persistent Paradoxes in Efforts to Cultivate Sustainable Coffee, Christopher M. Bacon, V. Ernesto Méndez, and Jonathan A. Fox

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From Differentiated Coffee Markets Towards Alternative Trade and Knowledge Networks, Roberta Jaffe and Christopher M. Bacon

Submissions from 2007

Review of Jaffee, D. Brewing Justice: Fair Trade Coffee, Sustainability, and Survival, Christopher M. Bacon

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Agroecología: promoviendo una transición hacia la sostenibilidad, Stephen R. Gliessman, Francisco J. Rosado-May, Carlos Guadarrama-Zugasti, Julie Jedlicka, Anais Cohn, Victor Ernesto Méndez, Roseann Cohen, Laura Trujillo, Christopher M. Bacon, and Roberta Jaffe

Submissions from 2005

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Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Can Fair Trade, Organic and Specialty Coffee Reduce Small-Scale Farmer Vulnerability in Northern Nicaragua?, Christopher M. Bacon